The local government law of Baden-Württemberg, the original version of which came into force on 1 April 1956, is regarded as the "local constitution". The South German Municipal Code, which forms a part of the law, guarantees a high degree of local political capacity to act, participation by citizens and local efficiency.
The core elements are the Council, which is the main body and representative of citizens, the special local elections with a strong focus on the election of candidates and the directly elected mayor, who is the chairman of the Council, leads the City Administration and represents the city.
The essence of the community and its importance is described in § 1 of the Municipal Code as follows: "The community is the basis and constituent member of the democratic state. It promotes civic self-government for the common good of its people." The communities are thus the basis for building the state, both organizationally and politically, while their actions are based on the principle of local self-government which is constitutionally guaranteed in the Basic Law and the State Constitution.
This formulates the model for local politicians.
Politically active at local level are the Mayor, the City Councillors and the First Deputy together with civic leaders and advisory bodies. In the main, it is not about party politics. Regardless of the majorities in the municipal bodies or the Mayor's party affiliation, the political leaders are always guided by the facts.
The culture of debate in the Bühl District Council and City Councils is always in a spirit of mutual respect and a will to work together to achieve the best possible result. In this context, the term "municipal peace" is often heard, but that does not mean that everyone is of the same opinion, but rather that there is a political climate in which majority voting is not only accepted but also supported.
It is not only in financially difficult times that what we want to do often exceeds what is possible, so compromises must be found and the various concerns weighed against one another, postponed or rejected altogether.
It is always a great challenge for elected officials to explain such policy decisions to the citizens, and, in individual cases, to those affected.